Peruvian Inca Orchid Dog Breed Introduction:
The Peruvian Inca Orchid is a small dog Breed classified as miscellaneous under the AKC. The originated in the areas in and around Peru with per-Inca peoples. It is a hairless dog breed that is likely 3,000 years or more old based on archaeological findings. They are a rare dog to be sure; with a uncommon appearance that will remind some of the Chinese Crested due to their lack of hair. The Peruvian Inca dog also goes by several other names in various parts of the world, these include: Perro Sin Pelo del Peru, Inca Hairless Dog, Peruvian Hairless Dog, Viringo, Dielmatian and simply “Calato” in their native Peru. These are not Chinese Crested, nor should they be recognized as Xoloitzcuintli, they are their own breed. See Cute Puppies For Sale’s thorough Dog Breed Index to locate an Peruvian Inca Orchid Breeder near you.
Peruvian Inca Orchid Dog Breed Appearance:
The Peruvian Inca Orchid comes in small, medium and large varieties, so there is a wide range of 10-26 inches tall at the withers and 9-55 pounds in weight. Overall the dogs should slim and streamlined form, with a square, balanced frame. The breeds lips are thin and wrinkly, skin is mostly smooth when standing, it also quite soft. Their can be many colors with mottling and strong pink skin tone. Some are also solid colored. Coated Inca Orchids do exist, however they are very small in numbers and are not generally submitted for show, particularly AKC sponsored ones. Their build suggests agility, quickness and strength. Small amounts of hair sometimes appear on the top of the head, the feet and the tail.
Peruvian Inca Orchid Dog Breed Origins:
Theories on this dog’s history are varied and disputed. It predates the Incan culture, however is usually considered to be an Incan dog due to evidence showing it was mainstay of Incan life. Pre-Incan cultures in and around the coastline of Peru are also known to have kept this dog. The breeds lack of hair means that they could not exist in the mountainous areas of the Incan empire, so they definitely had to be coastal dogs. When the Conquistadors came to conquer Peru the breed was nearly wiped out completely, only remaining in very small numbers in the outlying rural communities.
A very small number of dogs have been imported into various countries, including the United States. This limited supply means that their is a very standard repetition in size and appearance outside of Peru, where variation with the breeds size and appearance is common. It is believed that conquering Spanish carried some of the Peruvian Inca Orchids to China, where they were gifted to royalty. These may have led to the breeding of the Chinese Crested. Mexico has a similar dog known as the Mexican Hairless, or Xoloitzcuintli, how much relation these dogs shared thousands of years ago is undocumented, but they are recognized a two distinct breeds with similar though different characteristics. Check out Cute Puppies For Sale’s full Dog Breed Directory to identify a Certified Peruvian Inca Orchid Puppies for sale close by.
Peruvian Inca Orchid Dog Breed Temperament:
Peruvian Inca Orchids are very loving with their families, but usually wary of outsiders/strangers. They are energetic and alert. They enjoy the company of other dogs, but can show over-protective/possessive traits with them and their families. They crave companionship and do not do well left alone for long periods without long-term training in place. They do not enjoy extremes at either end of the temperature spectrum and as such should not be left outdoor for any prolonged period of time, and should avoid very cold or very hot places. This breed is recommended for experienced dog owners.
Peruvian Inca Orchid Dog Breed Mortality:
Apparently the genetic codes that give this dog it’s trademark hairlessness also stunt the growth of teeth. This breed often has fewer teeth than more common breeds and sometimes lack molars and premolars, which in turn can lead to many issues with their dental health. The exposure of skin can cause problems, as the breed is very sensitive to the sun. Sunscreen is needed for anything more than a short time outdoors (you will also notice they squint a lot in the sunlight). These thin dogs are prone to Irritable Bowel, stroke, seizure and skin lesions. There a lot of debates over breeding practices and how to eliminate/reduce these issues within current and future breed lines. Bathe them regularly with soft soaps to help alleviate skin conditions. The breed has an average lifespan of approximately 12 years.
Peruvian Inca Orchid Dog Breed Overview:
The Pervuian Inca Orchid aka Peruvian Hairless Dog is an affectionate and energetic breed, that is quick and agile. They enjoy being with their families as much as possible. They are susceptible to the elements and various conditions. Training require a steady, consistent and experienced owner. They are truly unique family members in attitude and appearance and will be excellent members of the family. Visit Cute Puppies For Sale’s extensive Dog Breed Directory to locate Peruvian Inca Orchid Breeders in your state.